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Cục Thống Kê Dân Số Công Bố Ước Tính Dân Số Năm 2020 Từ Phân Tích Nhân Khẩu Học Ước Tính Dân Số

Số Liệu Ước Tính Quy Mô Dân Số Của Cả Nước Độc lập với Thống Kê Dân Số 2020 Ngày 15 THÁNG 12, 2020 – Cục Thống Kê Dân Số Hoa Kỳ hôm nay đã phát hành kết quả Phân Tích Nhân Khẩu Học năm 2020, cung cấp một loạt các ước tính – thấp, trung bình và cao – cho …

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人口普查局发布 2020 年人口分析 人口估计

这些数字估计了国家的人口规模数字的生成独立于 2020 年人口普查 2020 年 12 月 15 日 — 美国人口普查局今天发布了 2020 年人口分析报告,该报告提供了截至 2020 年 4 月 1 日国家人口的一系列的低、中和高估计值。人口统计分析不是像 2020 年人口普查那样从住户收集答案,而是使用当前和历史的重要统计数据记录和其他数据来估计美国人口的规模。通过在 2020 年人口普查的首批结果之前公布这些估计数据,人口分析提供了一种独立的人口测量方法,以便与官方人口普查人数进行比较。 基于对人口的各种假设,人口分析对 2020 年 4 月 1 日的美国人口规模做出了三种不同的估计: 截至 2020 年 4 月 1 日的 2020 年美国人口分析估计 低中高330,730,000332,601,000335,514,000 “人口普查局不遗余力地保证我们的工作质量” , 人口普查局常务局长兼首席运营官 Ron Jarmin 博士说。“人口分析是一个有价值的资源,可以帮助我们分析 2020 年人口普查人口人数的完整性。” 人口分析估计是使用出生与死亡记录、国际人口迁移数据和医疗记录创建的。这个范围说明了输入数据和用于产生估计值方法的不确定程度。 例如,出生和死亡的估计被认为是相对准确的,因为估计值的生成基于非常准确和完整的美国重要的记录系统。但是,对国际人口移徙的估计有较大的不确定性,因为没有可以生成这些估计值的管理记录。因此我们使用人口普查局的美国社区问卷调查 (American Community Survey) 和其他来源的数据来估计国际人口迁移。 “人口统计分析使我们能够利用现有的数据,例如当前和历史管理记录及问卷调查数据,来估计人口的规模,” 人口司人口分析资深技术专家 Eric Jensen 说:“自 1960 …

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Hơn Ba Phần Tư các Trung Tâm Giáo Dục Trẻ Nhỏ Thiếu Các Nhà Giáo Dục Được Đào Tạo để Làm Việc với Các Học Sinh Song Ngữ

Sacramento, Calif. –– 5 First California phát hành bản Tóm Tắt Thông Tin: Phát Triển Chuyên Môn để Hỗ Trợ Học Sinh Học Song Ngữ Trẻ ở California, một bản tóm tắt mới của Viện Nghiên Cứu Hoa Kỳ (AIR) nêu bật những thách thức mà các chương trình chăm sóc và học tập sớm phải đối mặt cũng như sự …

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More Than Three-Fourths of Early Learning Centers Lack Educators Trained to Work with Dual Language Learners

Sacramento, Calif. –– First 5 California released Quick Facts: Professional Development to Support Teachers of Young Dual Language Learners in California, a new brief by the American Institutes for Research (AIR) highlighting the challenges early learning and care programs face and the support they need to ensure early childhood educators receive specialized training to serve dual language learners (DLLs). This study is …

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超過四分之三的學前教育中心 缺乏受過適當培訓的教師教導雙語學童

加州沙加緬度 – First 5 California公佈了名為Professional Development to Support Teachers of Young Dual Language Learners in California(支援加州雙語學童教師專業培訓的重點陳述)。這份由美國研究學院(American Institutes for Research, AIR)提出的最新摘要報告強調學前教育和照顧面臨的挑戰,以及確保學前教育老師接受如何教導雙語兒童(DLLs)專業培訓的重要性。這項調查是First 5 California斥資2000萬美元提倡為學習一種以上語言的學童提供優質學習環境之努力的一部分。這份根據訪問加州各地學前計劃負責人之結果整理而成,具代表性的摘要報告刊載在網站https://californiadllstudy.org/reports。 加州有將近60%的幼童屬於雙語學童(DLLs)。雙語學童的定義是從出生到五歲之間學習除英語之外另一種語言的幼童。2019年加州98%持有執照的學前教育中心和70%持有執照的家庭式托兒所(FCCHs)照顧至少一名雙語學童。研究結果顯示雙語學童如果能在幼童時期得到英語和家庭語言的適當支援,日後在學業上的成就會更高。 但是許多教師缺乏如何教導雙語學童的培訓, 同時許多學前教育計劃缺乏能說學童家庭語言的教師,因而無法與學童的家人充分溝通。這次的調查結果顯示,78%的學前教育中心和69%的家庭式托兒所表示缺乏足夠受過如何教導雙語學童專業培訓的教師。儘管如此,只有25%的學前教育中心和托兒計劃要求工作人員參與以教導和支援雙語學童為重點的專業培訓。  “學前教育專業人員需要額外支援,提供他們參與教師培訓的機會和正確反映他們對學童、家庭、及社會之重要價值的工資。沒有用心構建的完整系統和受過適當培訓的工作人員來支援,我們就無法實現雙語教育的益處,”First 5 California委員會成員兼非營利倡言機構The Children’s Partnership總裁Mayra E. Alvarez表示。 另外一項在2020年七月以學前計劃負責人為對象的調查結果彰顯出新冠病毒(COVID-19)(https://www.air.org/project/impact-covid-19-early-learning-and-care-california) 對繼續提供學齡前幼童照顧造成的影響。得到在學校停課期間如何支援雙語學童的指南或資源的學前計劃不及總數的四分之一。  “如果教師無法接受如何滿足雙語兒童特殊學習需求的培訓,就等於是把極大部分的加州兒童排除在充分得到學前教育益處之外,”Early Edge California執行總監Patricia Lozano表示。“我們一旦忽視這些兒童,就等於對他們在學業和人生的最終成就建立長期障礙。如果我們能夠適當培訓教師如何教導雙語學童,就能確保全加州的兒童都能公平接受優質的學前教育。” 1998年通過的227號提案嚴格限制從幼稚園到12年級的雙語教育,徹底瓦解了雙語教學。然而近年來加州民眾的態度逐漸轉變,2016年通過的58號提案推翻了227號提案。此外,從大約2008年開始,日益充裕的資源提供教師必須的教學工具,讓他們更能夠在課堂中建立各地學前教育的指導方針。First 5 California為了辨識有效教學的統計方式,在2017年推出Dual Language Learner Pilot Study(雙語學童前導研究)。加州州長Gavin Newsom更在近期的Master Plan for Early Learning and Care: California for All Kids(學前教育和照顧總體計劃:每一個加州兒童都包括在內)將對雙語學童的支援列為優先項目。 加州對支援雙語學童,讓他們在學業上充分發揮潛力,既有機會,更有責任。  “由於加州學前教育及照顧計劃中的雙語學童人數眾多,上述調查的結果確認了州長學前教育和照顧總體計劃中建議加強針對教導雙語學童的專業教師培訓機會,”加州學齡前兒童委員會First 5 California執行總監Camille …

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Celebrate the holidays with Karaoke for St. Jude on Dec. 21

Top Filipino artists plan to sing for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital to help end childhood cancer MEMPHIS, Tenn. (Dec. 10, 2020)– Calling all amateur singers who love caroling and wish to participate in the opportunity of a lifetime during the holiday season of giving. Several top Filipino artists plan to lend their voices in a virtual karaoke for  St. …

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RTD Hosts Free On-Site COVID-19 Testing to Support Community

Stockton, CA — As San Joaquin County reports the largest increase in daily and weekly COVID-19 cases since its summer peak, San Joaquin Regional Transit District (RTD) seeks to partner with the community in combating the increase by hosting free COVID-19 testing on site at its Downtown Transit Center (DTC).  According to a recent California Association for Coordinated Transportation (CalACT) …

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PG&E Reminds Customers of Ongoing Support Available to Help with the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts

Customer Protections, Financial-Assistance Programs and Other Resources Are Ready and Here to Help During These Trying Times SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.— As COVID-19 cases rise throughout the state, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) continues to offer support in numerous ways for customers navigating the unprecedented pandemic and reminds our customers that we’re here to help. “We immediately took action earlier …

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Hearts in SF 2021 (Virtual)

Join Hearts in SF 2021, San Francisco General Hospital Foundation’s signature fundraising event. This year, come together virtually to honor the frontline healthcare heroes and lifesaving programs at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center (ZSFG). The team at ZSFG goes above and beyond for every person they meet. So pledge your support for San Francisco’s extraordinary public hospital and get your ticket …

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PG&E and The PG&E Corporation Foundation to Contribute an Additional $250,000 to Wildfire Relief and Recovery

PG&E, The Foundation and PG&E Employees Recognize Giving Tuesday: Support Charities with Time, Talent and Resources SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. — On this Giving Tuesday –a day that inspires people to give, collaborate and celebrate generosity– Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and The PG&E Corporation Foundation (The Foundation), together, will contribute approximately $250,000 to the American Red Cross, volunteer fire …

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